12–18 November 2018

Robert Peel

Sir Robert Peel (1788-1850) was Home Secretary and then Prime Minister from 1834-1835 and 1841-1846.

He was elected on 14 April 1809 as MP for Cashel. His first Parliamentary speech was in January 1810.

He became Home secretary in 1822-1827 and then in 1828-1830. He was responsible for law and order. He consolidated many acts of Parliament relating to criminal acts, and he reduced the number of offences which carried the death penalty.

In his second term as Home Secretary he continued to consolidate laws as well as building a police force for London. The new force started patrolling the streets on 29 September 1829. They were initially created to keep law and order, and carried truncheons. They were well disciplined men and although they were met with resistance they succeeded in their role.

He died on 2 July 1850 after being thrown from his horse on 28 June.

Source: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography